As a frequenter of several Adventurers League discord channels, I’ve observed a lot of confusion about adjusting encounters.
Some DMs are afraid to make any adjustments whatsoever for fear of stepping out of line of the Adventurers League rules. Other DMs see the magic words DM Empowerment and assume they can do literally anything. Most of these are benign, but mistaken, but you do hear the occasional horror story.
To make things worse, figuring out the full scope of what exactly is allowed is a maddening exercise. It’s simple enough if you just wanna add or remove monsters. For anything else, you will probably need to cross reference several documents and social media threads, understand the context and chronology of each one, and make a conclusion.
I’m writing this article so you don’t need to do that. Whether you like to do things to the letter, but are too busy to check, or if you really just didn’t know the full scope of DM empowerment, this article is for you.
I’ve had to make a few decisions of how to interpret each source. The process of this is not easy reading, but here’s a few core assumptions:
- Rules and rulings don’t automatically expire with time and are only considered superceded if the document is directly superceded.
The Season 9 AL DMG is a valid source because no Historic or Masters DMG exists to supercede it. The Season 8 AL DMG is not, because it was directly superceded by the S9 one. The Season 9 FAQ and Content Catalogue are likewise valid sources as no document has superceded them.
- Rules with regards to one campaign generally apply to other campaigns unless otherwise stated.
You can add or remove any monster from an encounter as long as it's "thematically appropriate"
Let’s start with the fundamental rule.
Many DMs assume that just because the adventurers league rules prescribe everything from magic items to billable hours, that the monsters are also set in stone. Fortunately, every single AL DMG tells DMs that they are in fact allowed to add or remove any monster from an encounter… so long as it’s thematically appropriate.
What’s “Thematically Appropriate”? A subjective term that’s not within the scope of this article to unpack. Generally, you should identify the significance or use of each encounter to the module, and try to stick to the same conditions.
You may have noticed two things:
- Adding and removing monsters also naturally enables swapping monsters.
- Those three things already give you a ridiculous amount of control!
If all you wanted to do is make things easier or harder for your party, this rule is more than enough.
DDAL OoW DMG (v1.5), Part 2: Running Adventures, Playing the Dungeonmaster
DDAL Seasonal DMG (v10.0), Part 2: Running Adventures, You’re the Dungeonmaster!
A Historic and Masters DMG does not exist, however, the same rule existed even during Season 9:
DDAL DMG (v9.1), Part 2: Running Adventures, Challenge Your Players
[Dubious] You can use monster statblocks from any AL-legal source for the campaign you're running.
This interpretation is contentious because it relies more on a lack of counter-evidence and some deductions than any specific statement. Still, I believe it’s the most reasonable interpretation.
Here’s the rub: I’ve looked through quite a lot of rules, and few of them actually say what sources you’re allowed to take the aforementioned monsters from. It seems the AL admins thought it was too obvious that the Monster Manual or Volo’s Guide to Monsters were eligible sources to merit saying explicitly.
Ironically, this means more obscure sources like the Guild Adept Beasts of Jungle Rot technically have stronger explicit evidence than the MM or VGtM.
Therefore, if we are to assume the Monster Manual is allowed with little explicit evidence, then there are two possibilities- either they generally want to whitelist sources but just forgot to, or they want us to assume that any source that’s legal for use in general is legal to use monsters from.
What this implies: If you have too much time on your hands, you can look through modules to find interesting “custom” statblocks to use. Mythic Odysseys of Theros isn’t a valid source- but you might notice a monster or two cribbed from there in a certain Masters campaign book.
Note that you can only use monsters which have complete statblocks. If a module describes changes to that shambling mound using a sidebar or inline text, you can still only use the unmodified statblock.
1. Sources in the ALCC are “legal play options” for DMs.
DDAL Season 9 Content Catalogue, Introduction.
(The MM, VGtM, and MtoF are not mentioned in the ALCC.)
2. MTOF is explicitly allowed
Mordenkainen’s Tome of Foes Primer v1.2
This is an incredibly outdated document, but it does not seem to have been superceded.
You can adjust the hit points of a monster up and down within the ranges specified by the hit die.
This was generally true for D&D as a whole, but explicit statements of AL-legality were limited to rulings on Social Media until the Seasonal DMG was released.
The real use of this rule is fudging monster hit points so they die earlier or later as needed.
For NPC statblocks, you may add racial traits and change their spells
NPCs here are defined not in the normal sense, but as any statblock in the special “NPC” appendices in various books. These statblocks tend to have generic names like “Scout” or “Evoker”.
Currently, the Monster Manual, Volo’s Guide to Monsters, and Eberron: Rising from the Last War possess these appendices (although ERftLW doesn’t call it that).
The Monster Manual explains how you can adjust these statblocks- but of the four possibilities listed there (Change equipment, change spells, add racial traits, add magic items) only two of them are allowed in AL.
DMs are NOT ALLOWED to change the spells or add racial traits for any other statblock. Yes, this means that changing that Lich’s spells is actually not allowed.
What are racial traits in this context? Technically, you need to consult the NPC Features table in Chapter 9 of the Dungeonmaster’s Guide to figure out what to apply, but it’s basically everything a PC of that race would get. Unfortunately, on that table, only races which are in the PHB are described as not affecting CR.
What spells can I change? Look for the class that each NPC is described as being in their spellcasting ability. If they are a wizard, you can only change their spells to other wizard spells and so on.
Note: It is unclear whether the type needs to be Humanoid (any race) for you to be allowed to add racial traits. A quandary currently only relevant to the Eberron campaign.
Discord Announcement, Amy Lynn Dzura, quoting Travis Woodall, 20th May 2021
Note: Other sources for this ruling exist, but this is the clearest and most recent one. As someone that has had several arguments with DMs about the confusing phrasing in the old source, I’m super glad this new one was made.
Statblock Adjustments from Certain Sources
There are many recommended adjustments for monsters scattered about various sourcebooks. In general in AL, “variant” and “optional” rules are not allowed, and even modifications which aren’t explicitly framed as optional rules are assumed to be off the table.
However, this section lists a few adjustments which have been greenlit by the admins at some time or another. Whether that bandit captain is now a secret Zariel worshipper or that devil now has acid teeth, these adjustments allow you to spring a few surprises on a party that’s expecting the same-old game.
Diabolical Cults and Demonic Boons from MToF
While I’d personally use these sparingly and only when fiendish influence has already been established by the adventure, these features can pack quite a punch.
Devil Adjustments from Infernal Encounters (Chapter 2)
I’m incredibly puzzled that we’re allowed to use these, but the extra Infernal Warmachine rules are off the table. But there are several incredibly meaty and flavourful options for changing devil statblocks here.
Is that all?
Although this article provides sources for many of the major questions DMs have regarding allowed combat adjustments, for the sake of brevity I have left out several types of changes which are not usually questioned by DMs or players. This article isn’t exhaustive.
If you have more questions about the sources and their validity, or about other possible adventure encounter changes, you can always ask about it on our Discord channel or PM me directly at @telehax#3409.